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Significance of Auxiliary Indicators for Body Composition Analysis

1. Basal metabolism of body composition analysis (kcal/d)


Basal metabolism refers to the minimum energy requirement that the human body needs to maintain life. It requires the energy metabolism rate when a person is in an extremely quiet and awake state and is not affected by muscle activity, ambient temperature, food, and mental stress. And this state usually occurs when you wake up in the morning.


Moderate exercise helps to increase the basal metabolic rate of the human body, while dieting will reduce the basal metabolic rate of the human body.


2. Visceral Fat Index (VFI) for body composition analysis


VFI standard: 0~1 is low, 1.1~2 is standard, 2.1~9 is high, >9 is high. Indicates the grade difference in the size of the perivisceral fat area.


Obesity is divided into visceral obesity and peripheral obesity. A large number of studies have fully confirmed that compared with peripheral obesity, visceral obesity has a higher risk of diabetes, hyperlipidemia, coronary heart disease, and cerebrovascular disease. played an extremely important role.


3. Skeletal muscle rate for body composition analysis


Muscles are divided into skeletal muscle and smooth muscle. Skeletal muscle is the muscle on the limbs, and smooth muscle is the muscle related to the internal organs. For example, the muscles on the trachea and esophagus belong to smooth muscle.


As we age, muscle mass and strength decrease, causing a syndrome of symptoms called sarcopenia.


Range: 31.5%-45.5%.


4. Body composition analysis of bone mineral content


The amount of minerals in the bone. Such as calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, etc., to maintain bone health is essential.


Range: 1.9-2.5kg.


5. Fat Free Mass Index (FFMI) for body composition analysis (kg/m2, Fat Free Mass Index, FFMI)


Also called lean body mass index. Since FFMI reflects healthy components such as human muscles and bones, there is no upper limit for FFMI, and it is generally believed that the higher the better.


6. Weight for body composition analysis


Body weight = fat + lean body mass. Male standard weight: (height cm-80) × 70% (kg), female standard weight: (height cm-70) × 60% (kg), the standard weight fluctuates by 10% as normal weight. Being underweight or overweight is unhealthy.


If the body composition analysis report shows that the body weight is low, it is prone to adverse reactions such as fatigue, chills, and decreased resistance; if the analysis report shows that the body weight is high, the risk of diabetes, cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, and even cancer is significantly increased.


Maintain a balance of exercise and diet to keep your weight within an appropriate range.